Blogger threatened with $1 billion suit for writing about allegedly predatory publisher

Filed Under: Featured, Law & order

Judge's gavel image courtesy of ShutterstockJeffrey Beall, a US academic librarian who uses his Scholarly Open Access blog to write about publishers' dubious practices, is being threatened with a $1 billion lawsuit by an Indian publishing group.

Beall keeps a running list, known as "Beall's list," of journals and publishers who do fishy things such as spamming scholars or charging bogus fees.

As Ars Technica's Nathan Mattise tells it, Beall's work has earned him notice from the likes of the New York Times.

In an April 7 article, the NYT tells of one such fishy scheme in the "exploding world of pseudo academia."

After signing up for what they thought was a prestigious entomology conference, scientists recruited for "Entomology-2013" (lose the hyphen and you've got the name of a legitimate, academically sanctioned conference) found that they had been recruited by email, as opposed to being vetted by leading academics.

To add insult to injury, those who agreed to appear were charged "a hefty fee" for the privilege of appearing on a podium and being able to pad their resume with the negligible accomplishment, according to the NYT.

It's one example of "a parallel world of pseudo-academia, complete with prestigiously titled conferences and journals that sponsor them," the NYT's Gina Kolata reports, with many journals and meetings adopting names that are "nearly identical to those of established, well-known publications and events."

Usher in Beall, the watchdog who keeps tabs on the publishing end of this predatory phenomenon.

Beall maintains a blacklist of what he calls "predatory open-access journals."

The list enumerated 20 publishers in 2010 and has since grown to more than 300.

Speaking with the NYT, Beall estimated at least 25 percent of the total number of open-access journals published today are predatory—as many as 4,000.

In fact, a clear example of predatory publishers' spamming ways are emails Beall gets from publishers asking to be added to his list of predators.

Beall writes here about one such email, wherein a correspondent who describes himself as "a internee for International Journal of Biology" asks that the journal be listed.

Beall investigated this one in particular and found deceit:

"The new journal [claims to have] 'published' four issues, but upon closer examination, it really hasn’t. It’s a ruse. Among the four issues, there are only six articles. At least some of them are copied from the former BioMed Central (BMC) journal called the Journal of Biology. In 2010, this journal merged with BMC Biology, and the merged journal is called BMC Biology."

"The publisher of the new journal has taken previously-published articles and edited them, changing some of the words, and published them as new original articles in the journal."

It is this kind of detective work that's raised the ire of the OMICS Publishing Group, based in India.

Lawsuit image courtesy of ShutterstockAccording to the Chronicle of Higher Education, Beall on Tuesday received a letter from an IP management firm's lawyer, warning him that he could be imprisoned for up to three years under India's Information Technology Act.

Beall has accused OMICS of spamming scholars with invitations to publish, quickly accepting their papers, then charging them a nearly $3,000 publishing fee after accepting a paper.

The Chronicle of Higher Education calls the six-page letter "rambling".

In the letter, the IP management firm calls Beall's blog "ridiculous, baseless, impertinent," and says that it "smacks of literal unprofessionalism and arrogance."

Here's an excerpt, all nonstandard English being sic:

"All the allegation that you have mentioned in your blog are nothing more than fantastic figment of your imagination by you and the purpose of writing this blog seems to be a deliberate attempt to defame our client. … Our client perceive the blog as mindless rattle of a incoherent person and please be assured that our client has taken a very serious note of the language, tone, and tenure adopted by you as well as the criminal acts of putting the same on the Internet."

Is Beall in danger?

In India, Section 66A of the Information Technology Act makes it illegal to use a computer to publish "any information that is grossly offensive or has menacing character" or to publish false information. The punishment can, in fact, be as much as three years in prison.

According to the Chronicle, were the lawsuit to go forward, Beall would likely win in a US court, if the statements on his blog are in fact true. Were the suit filed in India, the situation gets hazier.

As it is, Section 66A has led to public pushback in India, which in turn has led to the government modifying the law such that complaints must now first be approved by a police deputy commissioner or inspector general.

If the suit does go to litigation, will Beall be looking at paying the Dr. Evil-ish sum of one billion dollars?

Beall thinks the idea is "silly":

"The amount is silly—I haven't done any damage to their operation. … The case has no merit, in my opinion."

Good luck with the situation, Mr. Beall.

May you and other watchdogs not get hounded into silence by vindictive litigation, which this certainly sounds to me like it might be.


Images of lawsuit papers and gavel courtesy of Shutterstock.

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7 Responses to Blogger threatened with $1 billion suit for writing about allegedly predatory publisher

  1. Akboss · 528 days ago

    If he is found guilty in India and wouldnt have been in America he has zilch to worry about UNLESS he travels to India or makes connections through India.
    Extradition wouldnt apply because of the fact that Indian law would have to provide Beall the same protections as the Constitution gives him here.

    • Wolf_Star · 527 days ago

      Or if the case gets outsourced to India. :-P

      Hey, you never know! ;-)

  2. amkaplan · 528 days ago

    The NYT writer is Gina Kolata, not "Ginan Kolata."

  3. Canuck · 527 days ago

    If someone writes and wants to get added to a list of spammers, I say comply with their request and add them!

  4. Oscar · 526 days ago

    Just checked the wikipedia about this and saw two interesting facts (I am just copying from there, jic):

    - The United States Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) sent a cease-and-desist letter to OMICS in April, 2013, alleging trademark violations by OMICS

    - An editorial in the New Delhi-based India Today cited the incident as evidence that Section 66A should be discarded to eliminate its use in "stifling political dissent, crushing speech and ... enabling bullying"

    So it does not seem Jeffrey Beall has much to worry about... and likely a lot of scientists should be thankful to him

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About the author

I've been writing about technology, careers, science and health since 1995. I rose to the lofty heights of Executive Editor for eWEEK, popped out with the 2008 crash, joined the freelancer economy, and am still writing for my beloved peeps at places like Sophos's Naked Security, CIO Mag, ComputerWorld, PC Mag, IT Expert Voice, Software Quality Connection, Time, and the US and British editions of HP's Input/Output. I respond to cash and spicy sites, so don't be shy.