Voice spam tried to disrupt election in Ontario, Canada

Filed Under: Featured, Law & order, Spam

I'm currently visiting the Sophos Canada HQ in Vancouver, BC. This office houses one of the three main global operations centres for SophosLabs. (The others are in Sydney, Australia, and Oxford, England.)

When you're in another part of the world, it's intriguing to look in local newspapers for IT and security-related stories - and the editions of the Vancouver Sun that keep turning up outside my hotel room haven't disappointed.

This week, news has emerged in Canada of a police investigation into the use of robocalling (automated phone dialling, a.k.a. voice spam) in an apparent attempt to disrupt an election result.

The story goes something like this.

During last November's Federal election in Canada, voters in the contituency of Guelph, Ontario received automated voice calls instructing them that their local polling station had moved:

This is an automated message from Elections Canada.

Due to a projected increase in voter turnout, your poll location has been changed.

Your new voting location is at the Old Quebec Street Mall at 55 Wyndham Street North. Once again, your new poll location is the Old Quebec Street Mall at 55 Wyndham Street North. If you have any questions, please call our hotline at 1-800-xxx-xxxx. We apologize for any inconvenience that this may cause.

(Voice transcript from the Ottawa Citizen.)

The calls were fraudulent, and voters who turned up at the "new" polling station found themselves in a shopping centre with nowhere to vote.

Following many complaints to the electoral commission, investigators traced the calls back to an automated calling centre in Edmonton, Alberta. Further back-tracking led back to a pre-paid mobile telephone from Quebec, just across the border with Ontario, that was used to set up the offending robocalls.

Media speculation implies that renegade supporters of Canada's ruling Conservative Party were involved. The incumbent MP for the seat of Guelph is opposition politician Frank Valeriote, so the assumption seems to be that disrupting voters would disfavour the front-runner.

(If this was the plan, it didn't work. Valeriote was returned with an increased majority, in a swing of +11% In fact, all candiates enjoyed a positive swing - including Kornelis Klevering of the Radical Marijuana party, whose electoral share surged by a full five votes to 171 from the mere 166 he enjoyed back in 2008 - except the Greens, who slipped nearly 15%)

Technology which has entered our lives under the innocent-sounding guise of "office automation" can certainly be intrusive and, in this curious example, intriguingly disruptive.

Unlike spam, which is all-but-free for scammers to send, robocalls in North America cost the sender approximately 1c to 3c a minute.

Many times over the past decade, calls to introduce similarly modest charges for email have been promoted as the way to end spam, but never came to anything - the popularity of free webmail services such as Hotmail and Gmail made sure of that.

However, even if we were paying for email these days, modest charges wouldn't seem to be much of a disincentive to determined abusers of automated bulk communications systems.

That penny-a-minute charge certainly wasn't enough to dissuade Guelph's so-far-anonymous election tamperers.

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One Response to Voice spam tried to disrupt election in Ontario, Canada

  1. spidersilk ยท 1318 days ago

    This story is a bit behind the times - if you read the current news coverage, it appears that the both robocalls and live calls from call centres attempted to direct voters to incorrect locations in multiple ridings (I've seen numbers ranging from 14 to 27 in different articles), and at least some have been traced to a call centre used by the Conservative Party of Canada. Several employees of that call centre have come forward to say that the scripts used were in fact provided by the Conservatives, though the party is still half-denying it - they claim that Elections Canada had in fact changed some polling locations and they were only trying to be helpful, but may have somehow made a wee few mistakes. No one appears to be buying that line, though, and Elections Canada is continuing to investigate.

    The latest article I've seen is this one, which also contains links to a number of other storeis on the issue: http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/politics/artic...

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About the author

Paul Ducklin is a passionate security proselytiser. (That's like an evangelist, but more so!) He lives and breathes computer security, and would be happy for you to do so, too. Paul won the inaugural AusCERT Director's Award for Individual Excellence in Computer Security in 2009. Follow him on Twitter: @duckblog